Countries & Their Features – Geography Quiz
1. In which country does edelweiss not grow natively?
The edelweiss is a native of the Eurasian mountains. It is used as a national symbol in Mongolia, Austria, Switzerland, and many other countries.
2. What is the only country through which both the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn pass?
The equator passes through far northern Brazil, while the Tropic of Capricorn passes through Rio de Janeiro in the southern part of the country.
3. What country calls itself Nippon?
Nippon is the official name of Japan. The country, in East Asia, consists of 4 large islands and thousands of smaller islands.
4. What country was known as Rhodesia?
For many years Great Britain ruled it as a colony called Southern Rhodesia. After a period during which it was known as simply Rhodesia, the country finally achieved independence in 1980. Then it took the name of Zimbabwe.
5. Which two countries are joined by the Bridge of No Return?
Answer: North Korea and South Korea.
The Bridge of No Return is located in Panmunjom, in the demilitarized zone between North Korea and South Korea.
6. In what country might you find the Great Fence?
Australia’s Great Barrier Fence, known locally as the Great Fence, the Dingo Fence, or the Dog Fence, extends over a distance of 5,614 km (3,488 mi). It was designed to protect sheep from dingoes and other predators.
Geography Fun Facts
7. On which continent did our upright-walking ancestors originate?
Most scientists now believe our early human relatives migrated from Africa to Asia, Europe, and beyond.
8. Where was the greatest difference between annual high and low temperatures recorded?
Verkhoyansk, a Siberian city, has the greatest recorded difference between July high and January low temperatures—193 °F or 107 °C!
9. Where, as of 2009, did the world’s heaviest annual rainfall on record fall?
The world’s heaviest rainfall in a single year was recorded at Cherrapunji, India, where it rained 905 inches (2,300 centimeters) in 1861.
10. In which country were bananas first grown?
Bananas have been grown in India for at least 4,000 years. Arabs took them to Africa and Palestine; they are mentioned in early Greek, Latin, and Arabic writings.
11. Where is the world’s highest annual average rainfall?
The world’s record for average annual rainfall belongs to Mt. Waialeale, Hawaii, where it averages about 450 inches (1,140 centimeters) per year.
12. What was the name of the supercontinent of 200 million years ago?
The seven continents of today were once joined together as a supercontinent called Pangaea. It began to break apart about 200 million years ago.
13. What country has the most wild bears?
At the last census, Russia had some 100,000 wild bears, about 30,000 more than the United States, Canada, and the rest of Europe combined.
Passage Through India Geography Quiz
14. What is the capital of Tamil Nadu?
Chennai is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
15. How many states does India comprise?
India comprises 29 states.
16. What is the capital of Uttar Pradesh?
The capital of Uttar Pradesh (literally, “Northern State”) is Lucknow.
17. How many time zones does India span?
India spans two time zones. It uses a time that balances the two, so that it is a half-hour off from the times of other countries within those zones.
18. What is India’s official motto?
Answer: Truth alone triumphs.
The Sanskrit phrase “Satyameva jayate,” meaning “Truth alone triumphs,” is the national motto of India.
19. India is part of the continent of:
India forms a substantial part of the continent of Asia. In fact, India is so large that it is often referred to as a subcontinent.
20. What is the main tributary of the Ganges River?
Midway in its course, near Allahabad, the Ganges River is joined by its chief tributary, the Yamuna (Jumna) River.
21. How many seasons do most parts of India enjoy?
Most of the country of India has three seasons: a hot, dry spring; a hot, wet summer; and a cool, dry winter.
NYC: Concrete Jungle Quiz
The buroughs and architecture are just some of the attributes that make New York City a thriving metropolis. Test your knowledge of New York City in this quiz.
22. On which island is the Statue of Liberty located?
Answer: Liberty Island.
The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Island in New York Harbor.
23. What is a nickname for New York City?
Answer: The Big Apple.
New York has long been called “the Big Apple.” This was the name of a dance that was popular there in the 1930s.
24. What is the name of the great park in New York City?
Answer: Central Park.
Central Park was installed in the mid-19th century in New York’s Manhattan Island. It occupies about 340 hectares.
25. The largest borough in New York City is:
Queens, at 109 square miles (282 square km), makes up slightly more than a third of New York City’s area and is the largest of the five boroughs.
Quiz about United States of America
26. Which American state has the most interstate highway kilometers?
As of 2007, Texas had 3,234 miles (5,204 kilometers) of interstate highways, while California, at second, had 2,456 miles (3,952 kilometers). Behind them were Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Ohio.
27. Which state did the United States purchase from Russia?
The Stars and Stripes have flown over Alaska since October 18, 1867, when the vast land was purchased from Russia for $7.2 million.
28. Which state was once called Deseret?
Utah was originally called Deseret by its Mormon founders. The name means “honey bee.”
29. What is the American state with the fewest counties?
Delaware has only three counties: New Castle, Kent, and Sussex.
30. How many states are there in the United States of America?
There are 50 states in the United States. The last, Hawaii, was admitted in 1959.
31. How many stripes does the American flag have?
The American flag has 13 alternating red and white stripes, symbolizing the original 13 states.
32. Which state did Edward Kennedy represent as a U.S. Senator?
Edward Kennedy represented Massachusetts as a U.S. Senator for many years until his death in 2009.
33. What is the capital of the United States?
Answer: Washington, D.C.
Washington occupies the District of Columbia. The city was designed by the French architect Pierre L’Enfant in the 1790s.
34. How many members are there in the U.S. Senate?
There are 100 Senators in the U.S. Senate, two from each state. If another state were added, the number would be 102.
Natural Wonders – Geography Quiz
35. Where might one find a barchan?
A barchan is a crescent-shaped sand dune. Barchans are highly mobile, moving as much as 165 feet (50 meters) per year with the wind.
36. Where would one find Hadhramaut?
Hadhramaut is a narrow coastal plain that runs along the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
37. What natural wonder of the world is named after aviator Jimmy Angel?
Answer: Angel Falls.
Angel Falls is named for Jimmy Angel, an aviator who first reported seeing the Venezuelan waterfall—the world’s tallest—in 1935.
38. What is the highest mountain in Russia?
Answer: Mount Elbrus
Mount Elbrus, in the western Caucasus mountains, is Russia’s tallest mountain at 18,510 feet (5,642 meters).
39. What is Turkey’s highest mountain?
Answer: Mount Ararat.
Turkey’s highest peak, Mount Ararat, rises 16,945 feet (5,165 meters).
40. The world’s largest lake is:
Answer: The Caspian Sea.
The largest lake in the world is the Caspian Sea. It has no outlet, and as a result it is very salty.
41. Where is the Tonle Sap located?
At Phnom Penh, Cambodia, the Mekong River joins a huge natural reservoir. This is called Tonle Sap, or the Great Lake.
Quiz about Bridges
42. Approximately how many bridges can one find in Venice, Italy?
As of 2009 there were more than 400 bridges in Venice, Italy. Many date to ancient times.
43. Where might one find the Ponte Vecchio?
The Ponte Vecchio, or Old Bridge, spans the Arno River in Florence, Italy.
44. What is the largest steel arch bridge in the world?
Answer: Sydney Harbor Bridge.
The Sydney Harbor Bridge, in Sydney, Australia, was built in 1932. It is the world’s largest (but not the longest) steel arch bridge, with the top of the bridge standing 440 feet (134 meters) above the water.
45. In what country would one find the world’s longest suspension bridge, as of 2009?
As of 2009, Japan’s Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge was the world’s longest suspension bridge. Overall, it is 12,831 feet (3,911 meters) long.
46. In what city would one find the Golden Gate Bridge?
Answer: San Francisco.
San Francisco’s famed Golden Gate Bridge spans the opening of the San Francisco Bay into the Pacific Ocean.
47. How long is the Brooklyn Bridge?
Answer: 1,834 meters.
The Brooklyn Bridge, which spans New York’s East River, is 6,017 feet (1,834 meters) long. It is one of the world’s earliest suspension bridges.
Nature: Tip of the Iceberg – Geography Quiz
48. At what country’s geographical center does the town of Alice Springs lie?
Alice Springs is in the center of Australia.
49. Where can “W” National Park be found?
“W” National Park (so called because the Niger River flows through the area in the form of a W) is in the southwestern part of Niger. It is one of the best wildlife perserves in western Africa.
50. Where can Khone Falls be found?
Khone Falls, one of the world’s most powerful waterfalls with a volume of 2.5 million gallons (9.5 million liters) per second, is located in Laos, on the Cambodian border.
51. Which American state has the most earthquakes?
Alaska lies along many active fault zones. It sees a magnitude 7 earthquake almost every year.
52. Where is the world’s northernmost national park?
Northeast Greenland National Park lies farther north than any other. It is also the largest national park in the world, with an area of 375,291 square miles (972,000 square kilometers).
53. Where would you be likely to see an iceberg?
Answer: The North Atlantic Ocean.
Icebergs, floating mountains of frozen fresh water, are common in the North Atlantic Ocean, particularly in the winter months.
54. What kind of natural feature might you see in Belize?
Belize is a land of mountains, swampy lowlands, and tropical jungle.
55. In what nation can the magnetic North Pole be found?
The magnetic North Pole is in Canada. This is the spot to which compasses point north.